Aleteia logoAleteia logoAleteia
Thursday 18 July |
Aleteia logo
separateurCreated with Sketch.

Why is St. Luke’s symbol an ox or calf?


Renata Sedmakova | Shutterstock

Philip Kosloski - published on 10/18/22 - updated on 10/16/23

St. Luke is frequently represented in art with an ox or calf, a sacrificial animal that points to several key themes in his Gospel.

In Christian art, saints are often depicted with various symbols that represent different aspects of their life. When it comes to the Gospel writers, they too have very specific symbols that summarize key themes in their Gospels. St. Luke in particular is represented by an ox or calf, a sacrificial animal in ancient Judaism.

One reason for this representation is that St. Luke’s Gospel emphasizes the sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross.

The Catholic Encyclopedia also explains that “St. Luke its always represented by the calf or ox, the sacrificial animal, because his Gospel begins with the account of Zachary, the priest, the father of John the Baptist.”

Zachariah is in the Temple offering a sacrifice of incense when he encounters an angel, who tells him about the birth of his son, John the Baptist (cf. Luke 1).

Depicting St. Luke with an ox or calf gave Christians a basic summary of his Gospel, reminding them how he focused on the theme of sacrifice.

Support Aleteia!

Enjoying your time on Aleteia?

Articles like these are sponsored free for every Catholic through the support of generous readers just like you.

Thanks to their partnership in our mission, we reach more than 20 million unique users per month!

Help us continue to bring the Gospel to people everywhere through uplifting and transformative Catholic news, stories, spirituality, and more.

Support Aleteia with a gift today!

Top 10
See More
Get Aleteia delivered to your inbox. Subscribe here.